Hypodermic Needles
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   Syringe Sizes | Needle Gauge


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Choosing the appropriate syringe sizes is critical both for healthcare practitioners and those who use syringes at home to inject medications for daily management of various diseases. While the syringes used by medical practitioners are seldom mishandled, there is a higher susceptibility of wrong syringe sizes being chosen by those using syringes at home. In the clinical environment, the attending physician or his staff is well-versed with the various syringe options since this is an elementary part of their daily, work regimen. Patients who use syringes for the management of chronic conditions like diabetes or arthritis need a basic understanding of various syringes and how to choose the one that is best suited for their personal need.



Syringe Basics



Every syringe has a similar structure, wherein it is made-up of three, main parts. These are the barrel, the plunger and the pointed, needle. The needle is the extension of the syringe that eventually pierces through the skin and delivers the liquid medication. The barrel is simply a holding chamber of the medication that is transparent. This is to ensure that the color and viscosity of the medication can be immediately checked before using the syringe. Further, the transparency also helps to calculate the right amount of medication that is needed. The barrel carries the markings that help to measure the liquid dose. Plunger (rod-like structure) refers to the pumping action of the syringe which is important for drawing the medication into the barrel.

Some of the syringes have a slightly different presentation. These are specific syringes, retailed for a particular kind of need. The most common example in this regard is that of insulin syringes. Among insulin syringes, the end-part of the plunger often has a seal. This is usually a rubber seal and it is useful for clearly marking-out the amount of insulin that the barrel is holding. Such seals may not be present among all injections. For example, some antibiotics are often administered with much simpler syringes. This is mainly because even if a few ml of the antibiotic dosage is exceeded, no serious repercussions or side-effects are likely. However, the most minimal of deviations in the insulin shot can jeopardize the health of the diabetic patient.

Most of the retailed syringes are labeled based upon their ability to hold the fluid, i.e. the liquid drug or the medication. If a syringe reads 5 ml, it suggests that this syringe can hold up to 5 ml of the liquid medication. The marking can also be in cubic centimeter that is commonly referred to as cc. There is no difference between cc and ml-it is just a case of different measuring units being quoted by the manufacturer. Further, this marking serves as the differentiating factor that separates a syringe from conventional needles. Markings on needles are essentially a measurement of the gauge of the needle that is quoted in G. The number of gauges and the thinness of the needle are directly proportional to each other-needles with higher gauge markings are thinner and usually, a bit more expensive.
   Beware of ultra compression. Balance your blood sugar ratio with insulin injectors.